Principles and Concepts

What is the scope of the comprehensive discipline in a Sikh’s life?

In his personal life, a true Sikh has to follow a three-fold discipline: the discipline of the Word, the discipline of the Sacrament and the discipline of Service.

The discipline of The Word implies that the Sikhs must rise early in the morning, say about 4 a.m., take a bath and then meditate on The Name (GurMantar). In the morning a Sikh reads: Japji, Jaap Sahib, ten Swayyas, Benti Chaupai & Anand Sahib. In the evening he reads Rehraas and before bed or night time Sohila. He should visit the Gurdwara daily. If possible, he must sing hymns and read from Guru Granth Sahib Ji.

The discipline of the sacrament implies that the Sikh must follow the Sikh ceremonies at the time of birth, marriage and death. On all such occasions, he must conduct himself with dignity and equipoise and offer prayers suitable to the occasion.

The discipline of “Service” (Sewa) requires that the Sikh must serve his fellow-men to demonstrate his love of God. In the sphere of service, barriers of caste or creed or race must be ignored. Gurdwaras are places for service to the Sangat. A Sikh may sweep the floor, cleanse the utensils, polish the shoes or serve water. Langar provides an extensive field of service. A Sikh may contribute food-stuff and provisions, pay for fuel or utensils, fetch water or lend a helping hand in the cooking and distribution of food.

In corporate life, a Sikh is expected to do his duty to the community. He should take Amrit (Initiation) and encourage others to do the same. He should join the congregation – Sangat, and assist any Panthic meeting to arrive at decisions – Gurmatta. He should also readily submit to disciplinary action in case of misdeeds (Kurehats) or acts contrary to the Code of Conduct. In short, he should take an active part in the corporate life of the Panth. Such a Sikh earns the Guru’s grace.