Sacred Literature & Sikh Studies

What is the difference between “Rehraas” and “Sampooran Rehraas”?

The word “sampooran” means complete. If we think to call something “Sampooran Rehraas”, it is actually highly blasphemous and disrespectful to Gurbani. There is Rehraas sahib written in Sri Guru Granth Sahib which is significantly shorter. Is that Rehraas Sahib incomplete? If a longer version of Rehraas with extra Shabads is “sampuran” (complete), then does that imply that Guru Arjan Dev Sahib Ji made a mistake when compiling the Rehraas Sahib contained Sri Guru Granth Sahib?

We have to be far more careful when making remarks about Gurbani. Even when Guru Nanak Sahib Ji only wrote, “Ik Onkaar”, that was complete. This is because nothing in Gurbani is “addhorree” or incomplete. Every part of it is complete and perfect.

Those Sants and groups who are intentionally or unintentionally pushing these agendas are creating further divisions in the Panth. The last thing the Panth should be divided on is Gurbani, whether it is in Mool Mantar or Rehraas. Far too many youth who just have devotion to read more Bani are being misled to think that only the longer version of Rehraas with extra Shabads and Dohiras is acceptable. At the end of the day, Bani is Bani, and the more we read the better. However many Gursikhs read Sukhmani Sahib, and many other Banis in the evening, after their Rehraas. This is excellent for those who have the discipline.

There was a time when everyone read the same Rehraas. Overtime Gursikhs attached extra shabads as part of there own abhyaas (practice). If these Gursikhs were prominent, then when they passed away, their followers made their routine, an inadvertent maryada (tradition). Now it is gone to such an extent, that in some Gutkas published by deras and certain groups, it says that anyone who does not read this specific maryada Banis, then they are not Sikhs. The Nanaksar group has already been summoned and brought in front of Sri Akal Takhat Sahib for printing such like.

As Sikhs, we should read as much Bani as possible. We have the freedom to do this. However we should also work for more uniformity in the Panth, and less reasons for divisions an controversy. Most importantly we should not invent statements like “Sampooran” and attach them to a specific Rehraas, because it is highly blasphemous and disrespectful to Gurbani.