Why didn’t the Sikh Gurus speak against certain evil practices unlike the Prophet Muhammad?

Guru Amardas Ji empowering women by challenging social norms such as purdah (the face veil), sati (burning of widows whilst alive), and oppression of women's rights

Guru Amardas Ji empowering women by challenging social norms such as purdah (the face veil), sati (burning of widows whilst alive), and oppression of women’s rights

 

Some Muslims claim that Guru Sahib did not speak against “certain evil practices” which is completely false. Guru Sahib’s message clearly condemns the immoral and evil practices of the past and present time. This is because the divine message is based on principles which are the foundation of morality. Gurbani rejects idol worship, caste system, widow burning, abortion (female foeticide), subjugation of women and many other evil practices. Listing every evil practice is absurd because it makes the divine message dependent on time and place and becomes useless once the evil practice is abolished. This is why Gurbani is superior to Quran because it contains principles which are universal and independent of time and place.

It was Mohammad who, instead of stopping people from engaging in evil practices, advocated them and made them part of his own lifestyle and Islam. Polygamy, owning and raping slaves, dowry and paedophilia are some of the practices advocated by Mohammad. He also did not speak against caste system, burning of the widow, devdasi system, female foeticide and inequality of women. Quran greatly subjugates and mortifies women by taking away their personal rights and making them go through a humiliating and evil divorce process. They are degraded to the level of personal property.

Sex with children and Islam

Child married to an old man in Afghanistan

Child married to an old man in Afghanistan

The following Qur’anic verse allows sex with pre-pubescent girls who have not yet menstruated.

And (as for) those of your women who have despaired of menstruation, if you have a doubt, their prescribed time shall be three months, and of those too who have not had their courses; and (as for) the pregnant women, their prescribed time is that they lay down their burden; and whoever is careful of (his duty to) Allah He will make easy for him his affair.
Qur’an 65:4

What is being discussed is the Iddat (العدة‎), which is a waiting period a female must observe before she can remarry. According to this verse, the stipulated waiting period for a divorced girl who has not yet menstruated is three months.

It is said that the Prophet Muhammad married a child called Aisha, daughter of Abu Bakr. It is claimed this was done by the Prophet to build a stronger relationship with Abu Bakr, who later became the fourth Caliph. At the age of marriage she was six or seven, and the marriage was consummated (i.e. he had sex with her) when she turned the age of nine.

‘A’isha (Allah be pleased with her) reported that Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him) married her when she was seven years old, and he was taken to his house as a bride when she was nine, and her dolls were with her; and when he (the Holy Prophet) died she was eighteen years old.
Sahih Muslim 8:3311

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Colin Turner, a professor of Islamic studies, states that since such marriages between an older man and a young girl were customary among the Bedouins, Muhammad’s marriage would not have been considered improper by his contemporaries (Islam: The Basics, Routledge Press, p.34-35). Pandit Chamupati wrote that Aisha was about the same age as Muhammad’s granddaughter, and a better way for Muhammad to make Abu Bakr (Aisha’s father) a relative was to adopt Aisha as his own daughter and marry her off (Colourful Prophet (Hindi), Mohamamad Rafi. p. 18, 22).

Umar was the 2nd caliph of Islam and married Umm Kulthum at a time when she was 10-12 years old. Some sources even say that she was five years old when Umar married her.

“‘Umar asked ‘Ali for the hand of his daughter, Umm Kulthum in marriage. ‘Ali replied that she has not yet attained the age (of maturity). ‘Umar replied, ‘By Allah, this is not true. You do not want her to marry me. If she is underage, send her to me’. Thus ‘Ali gave his daughter Umm Kulthum a dress and asked her to go to ‘Umar and tell him that her father wants to know what this dress is for. When she came to Umar and gave him the message, he grabbed her hand and forcibly pulled her towards him. ‘Umm Kulthum asked him to leave her hand, which Umar did and said, ‘You are a very mannered lady with great morals. Go and tell your father that you are very pretty and you are not what he said of you’. With that ‘Ali married Umm Kulthum to ‘Umar.”
Tarikh Khamees, Volume 2, p. 384 (‘Dhikr Umm Kalthum’) and Zakhair Al-Aqba, p. 168

Adultery and Islam

Adultery with slave girls is permissible in Islam

Adultery with slave girls is permissible in Islam

“Also (forbidden are) women already married, except those (captives and slaves) whom your right hands possess. Thus has Allâh ordained for you. All others are lawful…”
Qur’an 4:24

Slavery and Islam

Slavery in the name of Islam

Slavery in the name of Islam

Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah’s Apostle said, “There is no Zakat either on a horse or a slave belonging to a Muslim”
Sahih Bukhari 2:24:542

Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet prohibited the earnings of slave girls (through prostitution).
Sahih Bukhari 3:36:483

Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah’s Apostle said, “A pious slave gets a double reward.” Abu Huraira added: By Him in Whose Hands my soul is but for Jihad (i.e. holy battles), Hajj, and my duty to serve my mother, I would have loved to die as a slave.
Sahih Bukhari 3:46:724

Jabir (Allah be pleased with him) reported that a man came to Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) and said: I have a slave-girl who is our servant and she carries water for us and I have intercourse with her, but I do not want her to conceive. He said: Practise ‘azl, if you so like, but what is decreed for her will come to her. The person stayed back (for some time) and then came and said: The girl has become pregnant, whereupon he said: I told you what was decreed for her would come to her.
Sahih Muslim 8:3383

“These are the names of Muhammad’s male slaves: Yakan Abu Sharh, Aflah, ‘Ubayd, Dhakwan, Tahman, Mirwan, Hunayn, Sanad, Fadala Yamamin, Anjasha al-Hadi, Mad’am, Karkara, Abu Rafi’, Thawban, Ab Kabsha, Salih, Rabah, Yara Nubyan, Fadila, Waqid, Mabur, Abu Waqid, Kasam, Abu ‘Ayb, Abu Muwayhiba, Zayd Ibn Haritha, and also a black slave called Mahran, who was re-named (by Muhammad) Safina (`ship’).”
Zad al-Ma’ad, pp. 114-116

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Islam and Rape

A captive woman being sexually abused by Muslim Arabs

A captive woman being sexually abused by Muslim Arabs

Who abstain from sex, Except with those joined to them in the marriage bond, or (the captives) whom their right hands possess,- for (in their case) they are free from blame,
Qur’an 23:5-6

“Abu Sirma said to Abu Sa’id al Khadri (Allah he pleased with him): 0 Abu Sa’id, did you hear Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) mentioning al-‘azl? He said: Yes, and added: We went out with Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) on the expedition to the Bi’l-Mustaliq and took captive some excellent Arab women; and we desired them, for we were suffering from the absence of our wives, (but at the same time) we also desired ransom for them. So we decided to have sexual intercourse with them but by observing ‘azl (Interruptus Coitus – Withdrawing the male sexual organ before emission of semen to avoid-conception). But we said: We are doing an act whereas Allah’s Messenger is amongst us; why not ask him? So we asked Allah’s Mes- senger (may peace be upon him), and he said: It does not matter if you do not do it, for every soul that is to be born up to the Day of Resurrection will be born.”
Sahih Muslim 8:3371

Narrated Ruwayfi’ ibn Thabit al-Ansari: Should I tell you what I heard the Apostle of Allah (peace be upon him) say on the day of Hunayn: It is not lawful for a man who believes in Allah and the last day to water what another has sown with his water (meaning intercourse with women who are pregnant); it is not lawful for a man who believes in Allah and the Last Day to have intercourse with a captive woman till she is free from a menstrual course; and it is not lawful for a man who believes in Allah and the Last Day to sell spoil till it is divided.
Abu Dawud 11:2153

Narrated Mu’awiyah ibn Haydah: I said: Apostle of Allah, from whom should we conceal our private parts and to whom can we show? He replied: conceal your private parts except from your wife and from whom your right hands possess (slave-girls)…
Abu Dawud 31:4006

Where then is the so-called “revealed” message in Quran and how can it be universal and applicable to the entire humanity when it does not even have a shared view of morality and instead advocates many immoral and evil practices which are considered illegal in many countries in the modern world?

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