Archive for the ‘God and His Universe’ Category

What does Sikhi say about the Darwins theory does it believe in the concept of how the human came to the world?

I came to know that Sikhi says: pehilaa paanee jeeo hai jith hariaa sabh koe || “First, there is life in the water, by which everything else is made green.” But does the Sikhi reject Darwins theory?   Sikhi favours Darwin’s theory which is based on natural selection, struggle for existence and survival of the fittest. […]

What is the ultimate end state for people who act malicious, evil? How should believers approach these people?

What do you mean by “ultimate”? Is this to be understood in the sense Christianity and Islam use it or in Sikh sense? In Sikhi, wrongdoers will be punished for their bad deeds and rewarded for good deeds. Since they failed to attain union with God, they will be sent back to the cycle of […]

What is the formal doctrine on the end of the world? Is there a scriptural reference on end time prophecy (end of the world)?

“End” of the world in Sikhi cannot be understood on the same lines as other religions. Creation and end are like bubbles forming and bursting in hot boiling water. No one can determine when the bubbles will stop forming and bursting. Similarly, God’s creativity or act of creation is always continuous. He is always creating, […]

What is the Sikh view on life on other planets?

More than 500 years ago Guru Nanak Dev Ji, the founder of the Sikh faith, said that there were countless universes and galaxies and that God’s creation could not be measured. Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji, the Sikh scripture, describes God as: ਕੋਟਿ ਬ੍ਰਹਮੰਡ ਕੋ ਠਾਕੁਰੁ ਸੁਆਮੀ ਸਰਬ ਜੀਆ ਕਾ ਦਾਤਾ ਰੇ ॥ “the Lord […]

How can sin exist if their is no free will and everything is predestined?

In many of the world’s scriptures there is a mention that some things in life are pre-determined, but what this really means is largely misunderstood. the following verse are taken out of context. Here are the quotes missionaries use; Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji says, “By one’s own actions, nothing can be done; destiny was […]

What is the Sikh view on Satan or the Devil?

We don’t believe in any parallel power to God, like Satan. Satan and ‘evil’ isn’t a person, it’s a type of behaviour and attitude.  No person is evil, only their actions can be. The important thing to understand is that everything is in Waheguru’s hukam or order. There is nothing outside of this hukam and […]

How was the world created, according to Sikhi?

The Sikh explanation of creation provides a detailed account. Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji describes what was before creation: ਅਰਬਦ ਨਰਬਦ ਧੁੰਧੂਕਾਰਾ ॥ ਧਰਣਿ ਨ ਗਗਨਾ ਹੁਕਮੁ ਅਪਾਰਾ ॥ ਨਾ ਦਿਨੁ ਰੈਨਿ ਨ ਚੰਦੁ ਨ ਸੂਰਜੁ ਸੁੰਨ ਸਮਾਧਿ ਲਗਾਇਦਾ ॥੧॥ “(Before the creation of the world) for endless eons, there was only utter darkness. There […]

Can we prove the existence of God?

The existence of God cannot be proved in a scientific way by means of observation, experiment or other verification. This type of proof is possible only in the field of physical phenomena. There are two types of evidence, direct and indirect. Indirect proof is based on probabilities and circumstances. Criminals may be convicted on the […]

What do we know of God?

Guru Nanak Sahib Ji describes the attributes of God in the Japji Sahib (the first prayer in Guru Granth Sahib Ji). In the Mool Mantar, the initial invocation to God in the Guru Granth Sahib Ji, it says: ੴ ਸਤਿ ਨਾਮੁ ਕਰਤਾ ਪੁਰਖੁ ਨਿਰਭਉ ਨਿਰਵੈਰੁ ਅਕਾਲ ਮੂਰਤਿ ਅਜੂਨੀ ਸੈਭੰ ਗੁਰ ਪ੍ਰਸਾਦਿ ॥ “There is but […]

Can we exist without a belief in God?

There are atheists who deny the existence of God. They are in a way free from moral rules and the stings of conscience. However, the atheist finds no meaning and purpose of life. He misses the inspiration and consolation of religion. He misses the companionship of God and Guru, and has, no future to hope […]

Can we reconcile the existence of a merciful God with the problem of pain in the world?

Undoubtedly, the world is full of evil and misery. Look at the many wars, slave-raids, tortures, concentration camps, atomic attacks. Do they not show that man, without a sound moral basis is worse than a wild beast? The problems of pain and suffering seems to be rooted in creation itself. We find one species of […]

What was God’s purpose in creating man?

It is all God’s Hukam (Will). One cannot comprehend everything i.e. a finite human cannot fully comprehend the infinite. ਜਾ ਕਰਤਾ ਸਿਰਠੀ ਕਉ ਸਾਜੇ ਆਪੇ ਜਾਣੈ ਸੋਈ || “The Creator who created this creation-only He Himself knows.” (Ang 4) Gurbani tells us that we are here because God put us here. We have no choice, […]

Is the worship of God necessary?

God does not insist that we worship him. In His generosity, He gives to all, the high and the low, the educated and the illiterate, even to those who are anti-God – Atheist. Some people are under the impression that God, just like an army commander, demands respect and worship. God does not need man’s […]

What is the micro-cosmic theory in Sikhi?

Sikhi accepts the theory that God dwells in the body. As such the body is called ‘The Temple of God’. In one of Shabad (sacred hymn) revealed by Bhagat Peepa Ji, it says: ਜੋ ਬ੍ਰਹਮੰਡੇ ਸੋਈ ਪਿੰਡੇ ਜੋ ਖੋਜੈ ਸੋ ਪਾਵੈ ॥ “Whatever is found in the Universe is found in the body, whoever searches […]

What is the concept of Truth in Sikhi?

The concept of Truth – Sach, Sat, is basic and fundamental in Sikhi. In Japji Sahib, Guru Nanak Sahib Ji deals with the subject of Truth. The word “Truth” has different meanings in different contexts. The most important connotation of Truth is God. The Almighty is Truth (Sat Kartaar, Sat Nam, Aad Sach Jugad Sach, […]

What happens to the individual after death?

Human life is just a stage in the upward march of the soul. The individual has got birth as a human being, after going through lower forms of life. Human life is the final stage in the soul’s progress to divinity. It is for us to make the most of this opportunity and thereby end […]

Is there a judgement?

Sikhi accepts the theory of Karma: That man is punished or rewarded according to his actions. Man’s actions in this world will bear witness at the time of judgement. The messengers of the god of death, Yama, takes the individual to the god of justice, Dharam Raaj, who is very strict like a moneylender. The […]

Is there a hell or heaven?

ਕਬੀਰ ਸੁਰਗ ਨਰਕ ਤੇ ਮੈ ਰਹਿਓ ਸਤਿਗੁਰ ਕੇ ਪਰਸਾਦਿ || ਚਰਨ ਕਮਲ ਕੀ ਮਉਜ ਮਹਿ ਰਹਉ ਅੰਤਿ ਅਰੁ ਆਦਿ ||੧੨੦|| “Kabeer! I have been spared from heaven and hell, by the Grace of the True Guru. From beginning to end, I abide in the joy of the Lord’s Lotus Feet. ||120||” (Ang 1370) Sikhi believes […]

What is Hukam?

Hukam means order: that is God’s order. By God’s order all forms came into existence. The Divine Will is responsible for the creation, sustenance and dissolution of man and the Universe. Whatever happens is by His Will. Hukam takes the form of Natural Laws or Universal axioms. All the parts of the Universe are under […]

Sikhi teaches God created Himself. How can this be true?

It is a misconception that God “created Himself” and therefore suggesting that God was born. Gurbaani is the infallible word of God, within which there are no contradictions. Humans can make mistakes when interpreting, translating or understanding Gurbaani, however the Guru and God are Perfect. ਭੁਲਣ ਅੰਦਰਿ ਸਭੁ ਕੋ ਅਭੁਲੁ ਗੁਰੂ ਕਰਤਾਰੁ ॥ “Everyone makes […]

When God made this world, why is there evil?

(i) The existence of evil is a Western thought. Sikhi does not agree with this thought. According to the Bible, God created Adam. Later, from Adam’s rib, God created Eve to be Adam’s companion. Satan (Evil) misguided them to eat the forbidden fruit. Adam thus became a sinner for disobeying God and was then thrown […]

God controls everything then why do people lecture (preach) that we should try to improve ourselves?

The statement that everything is in God’s hands is not understood properly; this needs some detailed explanation. Let us first analyze a simple worldly experience. The government builds roads and they make rules and regulations for driving vehicles. People have not only to learn driving, but also to know the rules and regulations for safe […]

How did God create the first man, woman, or the first person?

According to Sikhi this question is outside the domain of religion. To know it is not the religious goal of our life as stated earlier. Gurmat wants us to marvel by thinking of the Creator and the creation, and not bother about the process of creation. Sikhi does not speculate about how this earth was […]

What is Sach Khand?

Sach Khand (“Realm of Truth”) is the Sikh concept of Liberation from the cycle of birth and rebirth. It is achieved by the Guru’s Grace and through meditation and Simran, remembering the Divine. There are two understandings of Sach Khand in accordance to Gurbani. The first is Sach Khand as a spiritual state of being […]

If there is such a thing as reincarnation, then why is the world population still growing?

In Sikhi, when looking at populations, we aren’t looking at human population but population of souls. Can anyone say with certainty that the population of souls is increasing? If we look at just this earth, the number of plant species and animal species are decreasing. Perhaps they are being reborn as humans. Not just that, […]

If everything is in God’s hands then why is there evil?

The statement that everything is in God’s hands is not understood properly; this needs some detailed explanation. Let us first analyze a simple worldly experience. The government builds roads and they make rules and regulations for driving vehicles. People have not only to learn driving, but also to know the rules and regulations for safe […]

Why does God wait to punish or reward people for good or bad in their next life?

Sometimes, it appears to us that people doing illegal and anti-social acts enjoy their life and they are not punished or controlled by God. Actually such persons receive their punishment without other people knowing it. Our knowledge is limited to the legal methods of punishment, being put in jail, or being fined by a judge. […]

If God has written our Destiny, then why do we need to live it?

There is some serious over-thinking going on here. Trying to understand Waheguru through our thoughts is not possible. Our processor can’t handle it. It will blow a circuit but it will never be able to understand how infinite and perfect Waheguru is. We aren’t perfect and so we can’t understand things like perfection and infinity. […]

If our efforts do not carry us to God, then what is the point in Guru Ji asking us to do things?

On the one hand, the Gurus hold that whatever happens in the world is under Divine dispensation and that His will is supreme. karan karavan ape ap sada sada Nanak hari jap “He is the cause and sole author, Nanak says repeat God’s name again and again.” Guru Arjan – Gauri. It would thus appear […]

How does the Karma system work?

There is three kind of karma (karams) 1) The actions that we are currently. 2) The actions we did previously but we have not suffered the consequences of those karma yet. 3) The actions that we did previously and we have been ordained by Vaheguru to suffer those in this life. Let us take an […]