I came to know that Sikhi says:
pehilaa paanee jeeo hai jith hariaa sabh koe ||
“First, there is life in the water, by which everything else is made green.”
But does the Sikhi reject Darwins theory? Sikhi favours Darwin’s theory which is based on natural selection, struggle for existence and survival of the fittest. Guru ji explains all these points in Gurbani.
First of all, as you say, gases were created and then water was created from gases and it laid foundation for life. This is in line with science. However, gases after Big Bang were created in a moment as Gurbani states (in 10-37 of a second). Then water and then very simple life followed by complex life.
The following hymn of Gurbani states that we remained rocks and mountains for many generations ‘keI jnm sYl igir kirAw ] kee junum sail gir kariaa In so many incarnations, you were rocks and mountains;’ . Clearly, we started our journey from non-living things. Then we became like a filament of DNA. Then a simple one celled bacteria and then multicellular being. Then we became higher beings passing through various forms of life. Ultimately we became human beings. Read the following hymn. AMg 176 ang 176 Page 176 gauVI guAwryrI mhlw 5 ] gourree guaaraeree mehulaa 5 Gauree Gwaarayree, Fifth Mehl: keI jnm Bey kIt pqMgw ] kee junum bheae keett puthungaa In so many incarnations, you were a worm and an insect; keI jnm gj mIn kurMgw ] kee junum guj meen kurungaa in so many incarnations, you were an elephant, a fish and a deer. keI jnm pMKI srp hoieE ] kee junum punkhee surup hoeiou In so many incarnations, you were a bird and a snake. keI jnm hYvr ibRK joieE ]1] kee junum haivur brikh joeiou In so many incarnations, you were yoked as an ox and a horse. ||1|| imlu jgdIs imln kI brIAw ] mil jugudhees milun kee bureeaa Meet the Lord of the Universe – now is the time to meet Him. icrMkwl ieh dyh sMjrIAw ]1] rhwau ] chirunkaal eih dhaeh sunjureeaa After so very long, this human body was fashioned for you. ||1||Pause|| keI jnm sYl igir kirAw ] kee junum sail gir kariaa In so many incarnations, you were rocks and mountains; keI jnm grB ihir KirAw ] kee junum gurubh hir khariaa in so many incarnations, you were aborted in the womb; keI jnm swK kir aupwieAw ] kee junum saakh kar oupaaeiaa in so many incarnations, you developed branches and leaves; lK caurwsIh join BRmwieAw ]2] lukh chouraaseeh jon bhrumaaeiaa you wandered through 8.4 million incarnations. ||2|| swDsMig BieE jnmu prwpiq ] saadhusung bhaeiou junum puraapath Through the Saadh Sangat, the Company of the Holy, you obtained this human life. During the process of evolution we struggled for survival and only fit continued (fit means that could procreate and pass genes to next generation). Bigger things eat smaller things and smaller things eat very small things. This is competition and struggle for existence. The fit survives and continues its progeny. Unfit is selected against and it perishes. AMg 955 ang 955 Page 955 slok mÚ 2 ] sulok mu 2 Shalok, Second Mehl: jIAw kw Awhwru jIA Kwxw eyhu kryie ] jeeaa kaa aahaar jeea khaanaa eaehu kuraee Animals eat other animals; this is what the Lord has given them as food. This is the perfect way God and is created for sustainability. God only put everything once and made this universe self-sustaining. He alone oversees His perfect sustainable system. AMg 7 ang 7 Page 7 jo ikCu pwieAw su eykw vwr ] jo kish paaeiaa s eaekaa vaar Whatever was put into them, was put there once and for all. kir kir vyKY isrjxhwru ] kar kar vaekhai sirujunehaar Having created the creation, the Creator Lord watches over it. nwnk scy kI swcI kwr ] naanuk suchae kee saachee kaar O Nanak, True is the Creation of the True Lord. This means survival of the fit and selection for fitness is under the Will of God. Only those are selected that God wishes to be selected and survived. This means the process of evolution is guided by God because He is within His creation as ‘sB mih joiq joiq hY soie ] subh mehi joth joth hai soe Amongst all is the Light-You are that Light.’ So evolution and Darwin’s theory are supported by Sikhi but remember science does not know who guides this evolution. Scientists believe in randomness but Sikhi rejects randomness and believes in the role of God in evolution.